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Apartheid describes a system of laws and policies of total racial segregation in south africa that began in 1948, when the national party came to power, and ended in 1994, when nelson mandela was elected president in the first democratic elections. On june 17, 1991, south africa's parliament voted to repeal the legal framework for apartheid 1991: the end of apartheid, by michael wines road to democracy on april 27-28, 1994, south africa held two days of peaceful elections, with millions of black south africans voting in a national election for the first time.
Apartheid called for the separate development of the different racial groups in south africa translated from the afrikaans meaning 'apartness', apartheid was the ideology supported by the national party (np) government and was introduced in south africa in 1948. It was during this period that south africa introduced the more rigid racial policy of apartheid various reasons can be advanced for the introduction of the policy of apartheid and support for it, which are all closely linked. Introduction “responding to apartheid south africa posed a challenge to british foreign polic y for over forty years, involving policy-makers and diplomats in a complex balancing act on the one hand, there were strong historic links between the two countries – south africa had been successively a british colony, a dominion and (until 1961) a member of the commonwealth – and british.
The united nations general assembly had denounced apartheid in 1973, and in 1976 the un security council voted to impose a mandatory embargo on the sale of arms to south africa in 1985, the united kingdom and united states imposed economic sanctions on the country.
Apartheid is an afrikaans word that means separation it is the name given to the particular racial-social ideology developed in south africa during the twentieth century at its core, apartheid was all about racial segregation it led to the political and economic discrimination which separated.